CAREER IN LAW
With the establishment of National Law Universities, law has emerged one of the lucrative career options for the students. The opportunities in the field of law is not limited/restricted to the field of litigation but it encompasses diverse range of opportunities like fancy corporate jobs, in National and International Law firms, Judicial and Civil Services, Journalism, Academia etc. Great People like Mahatma Gandhi, BR Ambedkar, Nelson Mandela etc. use the law as a tool to bring revolutionary changes in the society. Law as a career option provides a person with unending opportunities and with the possible entry of foreign Law Firms in India in near future will open up new avenues of opportunities and prospects of growth.
CAREER OPTIONS IN THE FIELD OF LAW
- Litigation – Traditionally, law used to consider to be practiced only in the courts as an advocate. Practicing law in the courts is called pursuing a career in the field of litigation. Usually, a fresh graduate joins a Senior Counsel to learn the craft of court room and then start practicing independently. For practicing law in the courts, one needs to clear the Bar Exam conducted by the Bar Council of India. Senior Counsels like Ram Jethmalani, Harish Salve, SidarthaLuthra, VenugopalRaoetc charge somewhere in the range of 15-25 lakh for one hearing in the court room. Fresher generally charges in the range of 50 thousands to 1 lakh rupees for one case. So litigation has a lot of money!!!!!!
- Corporate Jobs/In House Counsels - This involves working with a law firm/company/bank as a counsel advising them on legal issues. This involves drafting of contracts, vetting of documents, conduct due diligence i.e. checking the compliance with legal rules and regulations etc. Leading National Law Firms are Amarchand, S&R, Nishith Desai, Khetan & Co., Luthra & Luthra, AZB etc. International Law Firms include Allen and Overy, Linklaters, Herbert Smith etc. Whereas leading companies and banks include ICICI, Bajaj Allianz Insurance, HDFC Banks, FlipKart, Snapdeal, Star India Entertainment Pvt. Ltd. The average package offered by top law firms in India is around 15-18 lakhs per annum and International Law Firms offer in the range of 45-50 Lakhs Per Annum. Average Package of the Companies/Banks/In House Counsel is around 10-12 Lakh per annum.
- Judicial Services – This is one of the prestigious career options in the government sector, law field has to offer. After graduating from law school, one can appear in the Judicial Services Examination which is conducted by the respective State High Courts for the recruitment of judges in the lower judiciary. Exams like Delhi Judicial Services, Haryana Judicial Services etc. are the prestigious exams in this field.
- Legal Journalism – Increasing awareness & understanding of the legal issues among general public requires specialized reporting about all matters pertaining to the field of law, and thus, news publishers favour the law graduates who have a flair for journalism in place of other journalists. Another development which has led to the increase in employment prospects for law graduates in the field of journalism is the recent notice issued by the Supreme Court which has made it mandatory for court reporters to possess a law degree.
CAREER OPTIONS IN THE NON-LEGAL FIELD
- Civil Services – Civil Services Examination conducted by the Union Public Service Commission [UPSC] is the toughest exam in the country. Through this exam, people are appointed on the prestigious posts like IAS, IFS, and IPS etc. Law Graduates has performed really well in this exam in the past few years and success ratio in this exam is way higher for the people belonging to the field of law as compare to people from any other field like humanities, engineering.
- Politics - Law and public sector go hand-in-hand and having a law degree seems to be the easiest way to enter Politics. History has produced some of greatest leaders like Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharlal Nehru (former PM of India), B.R. Ambedkar, Rajendra Prasad and few more to name who were successful lawyers at the BAR before they joined Politics, and who played a significant role in making India what it is today. Legal education equips one with complete skill set needed for a career in Politics. May be this is the only reason that in past decades important portfolios in Central or State governments are held by people with law background, respected politicians like SushmaSwaraj, ArunJaitley, Ravi Shankar Prasad, P. Chidambaram, Salman Khurshid, Kapil Sibal, M Venkaiah Naidu are very few to name. List goes long!!!
- Social Work – Law Universities not just teach black letter law to students but also prepare them to play the role of a Social Advocate/engineer and inculcate human values in them to use law as an instrument to bring social change. Law schools offer courses on issues of social importance like gender and/or caste discrimination, human rights, women rights, environment protection and rights of marginalized communities, and this exposure results in a large number of students joining Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs). Good thing about this work of social cause is that it is no more unpaid and law graduates are often offered working opportunities from International Organizations such as United Nations and other World bodies which pay a good honorarium in return of the services.
- Academia - After graduating from a National Law School, Teachingis does not remain a lesser paid job for those who have a desire and passion for it. National law School Alumnus form the part of countries best faculties and hired by not only NLUs itself but by large Private Universities who hire these graduates on big packages.